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University of the Philippines, Bachelor of Arts cum laude in Political Science (1978)

University of the Philippines, Bachelor of Law (1983)

Harvard University, Master of Laws (1986)

Harvard University, Doctor of Juridical Science (1990)


Professor Pangalangan specializes in Public International Law and Constitutional Law. In 2015, he was elected Judge at the International Criminal Court (ICC), The Hague, The Netherlands. He has served as President of the Trial Division and was Presiding Judge in the very first ICC case on the war crime of attacking cultural and religious heritage. He sits in a case involving alleged child soldiers and forced marriages. He has also sat ad hoc in Appeals Chambers on murder, rape, and sexual slavery as war crimes or as crimes against humanity. He is currently a Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague. 

Professor Pangalangan received his A.B. cum laude (1978) and LL.B. (1983) from the University of the Philippines, and his LL.M. (1986) and S.J.D. (1990) from the Harvard Law School, where he won the Laylin Prize for best paper in public international law for his LL.M. thesis and the Sumner Prize for best thesis on issues relating to international peace for his S.J.D. dissertation. He received the Diploma of The Hague Academy of International Law in 1987. 

He has held visiting appointments at the Harvard Law School 2007 and 1998), Hong Kong University (2008), and Melbourne University (2009 and 2005). He delivered his lecture at The Hague Academy of International Law in 2008, where he had earlier served as Director of Studies (2000). He has also lectured inter alia at the Irish Centre for Human Rights (2003); Japan Society of International Law (2002); Thessaloniki Institute of International Public Law (2001); Salzburg Seminar on International Criminal Law, Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law (2007 and 2018); the International Nuremberg Principles Academy (2017); and the Siracusa International Institute for Criminal Justice and Human Rights (2018); and the International Committee of the Red Cross. He is currently Vice-President and a Member of the Executive Council of the Asian Society of International Law. 

He has argued before the Philippine Supreme Court in leading constitutional and international law cases. He has sat on various Supreme Court committees, e.g., to revise the rules on recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, on legal education and on bar examination reform, and also teaches in the Philippine Judicial Academy, the official training institute for all judges. 

He was a Philippine Delegate and sat in the Drafting Committee for the Rome Statute of the ICC. Until he joined the ICC, he chaired the Bantay Katarungan (Sentinels of Justice), a lawyers’ organization to strengthen the rule of law, and was the publisher of the Philippine Daily Inquirer, the nation’s most popular newspaper, in which he also wrote an Op-Ed column.



Treaties and Philippine Law (co-author with Z.A. Velasco) in Yogesh Tyagi (ed.) Asian Treaty Practice, Springer, Singapore (forthcoming 2020). 

The International Criminal Court and the Burdens of Non-Traditional Expectations, 55 Gonzaga Law Review 237 (2020). 

Contributions to International Humanitarian Law in the Philippines and Beyond: Interview with His Excellency Judge Raul C. Pangalangan, in T. McCormack and S. Linton, Asia-Pacific Perspectives on International Humanitarian Law (Cambridge University Press, 2019). 

Victims and their Claim to Justice: Challenges to Reparations in International Criminal Law, 89 Revue Internationale de Droit Pénal  89-102 (2018), in Van den Wyngaert, Schabbas and Vermeulen (eds.), International and Transitional Criminal Justice and Human Rights: Essays in Memory of M. Cherif Bassiouni (1937-2017) 

Judicializing International Law: Challenges to International Criminal Justice, 16 Philippine Yearbook of International Law 34-45 (2017). 

The Domestic Implementation of the International Right to Health: The Philippine Experience, in Advancing the Human Right to Health (Zuniga JM, Marks SP, Gostin LO, eds.) (Oxford University Press, 2013).

Article 24, Non-Retroactivity Ratione Personae, in Commentary on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: Observers’ Notes (Otto Trifterer, ed.) (Verlag C.H. Beck and Hart Publishing, 3nd ed., 2008) at 735.

Constraints on Judicial Review of Managerial Discretion: Substantive and Procedural, in Problems of International Administrative Law (Nassib G. Ziadé, ed.) (Martinus Nijhoff, 2008)

International Humanitarian Law and the International Criminal Court: Cases and Materials from Asia, in XXXII Thesaurus Acroasium: The New International Criminal Law: 587-632 (Athens, 2003). 

Sweatshops and International Labor Standards: Globalizing Markets, Localizing Norms, in Globalization and Human Rights (A. Brysk, ed.) (University of California, 2002). 

Pushing Back the Limitations of Territorial Boundaries (co-author, with R. MacCorquodale), 12 European J. of Int’l L 867-888 (2001). 

Territorial Sovereignty: Command, Title and the Expanding Claims of the Commons in Boundaries and Justice: Diverse Ethical Perspectives (D. Miller and S. Hashmi, eds., Princeton University Press, 2001) 

The Asian Development Bank Administrative Tribunal: Constitutive Instruments and Case-Law, 7 Asian YB of Int’l L. 209-228 (2001). 


The Philippines’ post-Marcos judiciary: the institutional turn in a populist democracy, in Asian Courts in Context (Jiunn-rong Yeh and Wen-Chen Chang, eds.) (Cambridge University Press, January 2015) 

Philippine Chapter, in Keeping the Faith: A Study of Freedom of Thought, Conscience, and Religion in ASEAN 362-414 (David Cohen and Kevin Tan, eds.), Human Rights Resource Centre (HRRC), University of Indonesia (Jakarta, 2015) 

Philippine Constitutional Law 2001-2010: Majoritarian Courts and Elite Politics, in Major Constitutional Developments in Asia in the First Decade of the 21st Century (Chen, ed.) (Cambridge University Press, 2014). 

Transplanted Constitutionalism: The Philippine Debate on the Secular State and the Rule of Law, in Public Law in East Asia (Chen and Ginsburg, eds.) (Ashgate Publishing) (2013). 

Political Emergencies in the Philippines: Changing Labels and the Unchanging Need for Legitimacy in Emergency Powers in Asia (Ramraj and Thiruvengadam, eds.) (Cambridge University Press, 2010). 

Human rights discourse in post-Marcos Philippines: from substance to procedure, in Human Rights in Asia (Brian Galligan and Thomas Davis, eds.) (Edward Elgar Publishing, Melbourne 2011). 

The Philippines’ Sandiganbayan: Anti-graft courts and the illusion of self-contained anti-corruption regimes, in New Courts in Asia (Andrew Harding & Penelope Nicholson eds.) (Routledge, 2010). 

Government by Judiciary in the Philippines: Ideological and Doctrinal Framework, in Administrative Law and Governance in Asia: Comparative Perspectives (Tom Ginsburg and Albert H.Y. Chen, eds.) (Routledge, 2009). 

“Anointing Power with Piety”: People Power, Democracy and the Rule of Law, in Law and Newly Restored Democracies: The Philippines Experience in Restoring Political Participation and Accountability (Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization (IDE-JETRO), 2002) 


Constitutional Law

Contemporary Constitutional Law Problems

Public International Law

Legal Method

Legal Theory

Supervised Legal Research

Human Rights

Problems in Philosophy of Law