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PNP ANTI-ILLEGAL DRUGS SPECIAL OPERATIONS TASK FORCE

PNP Manual on Anti-Illegal Drugs Operation and Investigation

Date Filed: 17 March 2010

Rule I – General Provisions

Section 1. Short title – This Manual shall be known as the “PNP Manual on Anti-Illegal Drugs Operation and Investigation.”

Section 2. Purpose – This Manual on Anti-Illegal Drugs Operation and Investigation provides for the standard rules and to be followed by all PNP members and units engaged in the enforcement of RA 9165 in support of PDEA. It further provides guidance for the efficient and effective performance of their duties and responsibilities.

Section 3. Declaration of Policy – The PNP in its Anti-Illegal Drugs Operation and Investigation shall conform with the provisions of RA 9165, the rules of Court, and to strictly observe the Rights of the Accused enshrined in the Bill of Rights under the 1987 Philippine Constitution, other allied laws, Rules and Regulations, as well as, the internationally accepted principles of international laws, public policy, and with due observance of human rights.

Section 4. Governing Principles – All PNP members and anti-illegal drug units (AIDSOTF, RAIDSOTF, CAIDSOTF, SAIDSOTF, and other authorized units) shall conduct their operation and investigation in accordance with RA 9165, other pertinent laws, rules, and regulations, and shall observe the following principles in support of the mission and vision of the PNP, to wit:

a. Transparency in the operation and investigation process in support of the PDEA with emphasis on the preservation of the integrity of the chain of custody of evidence in accordance with Section 21 (a) RA 9165 to protect the integrity and probative value of the same, right of the suspect/s under custodial investigation provided under RA 7438, and compliance with court duty under the Rules of Court to ensure the conviction of the accused beyond reasonable doubt.

b. Accountability of all PNP members and anti-illegal drug units in the enforcement of RA 9165 shall be emphasized.

c. Adherence to the Constitution and the Law shall be observed in all anti-illegal drug operations which were justified by the pertinent provisions of Section 24, RA 6975, the Rules of Court on Criminal Procedure, and related Supreme Court Decisions.

d. Trustworthiness, Integrity, Responsibility, and Expertise (TIRE) of Team members shall be supported, promoted and maintained.

Section 5. Scope and Application – This Manual on Anti-Illegal Drugs Operation and Investigation implementing RA 9165 or The Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 shall apply to all PNP members and its anti-drug units at all levels.

Section 6. Standardization of Forms – To avoid confusion, maintain uniformity, and preserve the chain of custody of evidence vital to the accomplishment of anti-illegal drug operation, all pertinent documents shall conform to the standardized pro-forma forms enumerated in Annex “A”* of this Manual.

Section 7. Definition of Terms:

Arrest – the taking of a person into custody in order that he may be bound to answer for the commission of an offense.

Arresting Officer – a police officer responsible for the apprehension of the suspect/s.

Buy-Bust Operation – is an entrapment technique employed by a peace officer as an effective way of apprehending a criminal in the act of the commission of the offense.

Case-build up – series of activities in anti-drug operation such as but not limited to casing, validation, surveillance, verification etc, up to the time of completion of necessary information as basis for possible operation.

Case Operation Plan (COPLAN) – a classified document detailing the anti-illegal drugs operation to be conducted against specific targets.

Chain of Custody – the duly recorded authorized movements and custody of seized drugs or controlled precursors and essential chemicals or plant sources of dangerous drugs or laboratory equipment at each stage, from the time of seizure/confiscation to receipt in the forensic laboratory to safekeeping to presentation in court and destruction. Such record of movements and custody of seized item shall include the identity and signature of the person who held temporary custody of the seized item, the dates and times when such transfers of custody were made in the course of safekeeping and use in court as evidence and the final disposition.

Chain of Custody Form – is a document which contains the description of the seized items or articles, the authorized movement of the evidence from the time it was seized, inventoried and examined by the PNP Crime Laboratory and the identity and signature of the person who held temporary custody of the same, the dates and times when such transfers of custody were made in the course of safekeeping and use in court as evidence and the final disposition.

Chemical warehouse – any facility used as storage of CPEC’s equipment and paraphernalia used in the manufacture of dangerous drugs.

Child in conflict with the law (CICL) – a person below 18 years of age who is alleged as, accused of, or adjudged as, having committed acts in violation of RA 9165.

Clandestine Laboratory – any facility used for the illegal manufacture of any dangerous drug and/or controlled precursor and essential chemical.

Classified Information/Reports/Documents – information, reports or documents classified as top secret, secret, confidential and restricted which cannot be divulged without prior clearance from proper authorities.

Confidential Informant – any person that either furnished information regarding drug trafficking or perform an activity under the specific direction of a Police or other authorized personnel.

Controlled Precursors and Essential Chemicals (CPECS) – those listed in Tables I and II of the 1988 UN Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances as enumerated in the annexes which are integral parts of RA 9165 and those classified by the Board pursuant to Section 39 of RA 9165.

Controlled Delivery – the investigative technique of allowing an unlawful or suspected consignment of any dangerous drug and/or controlled precursor and essential chemicals, equipment or paraphernalia or property believed to be derived directly or indirectly from any offense, to pass into, through or out of the country under supervision of an authorized officer, with a view to gathering evidence to identify any person involved in any dangerous drugs-related offense, or to facilitate prosecution of that offense. (RA 9165)

Coordination – ministerial duty of operating units involved in anti-illegal drug operations to inform the PDEA and concerned territorial units about the operation. It shall be made either personally, thru telephone, fax machine, email, text messages or any electronic means, to be acknowledged by the receiving unit thru the duty officer. The purpose of which is to avoid misencounter and to establish harmonious relationship between and among the law enforcement units for the accomplishment of a mission. Coordination shall mean adjusted to or in harmony with (Words and Phrases). Likewise, it means to work or act together harmoniously (Merriam Webster Dictionary).

Crime Scene Photographer – authorized PNP member responsible for taking photographs of the crime scene as well as the evidence seized and the arrested suspect in accordance with Section 21, Art. II, RA 9165.

Drug Evidence – any dangerous drug or Controlled Precursor and Essential Chemical (CPECs), equipment, apparatus, paraphernalia, material, marked-money and any other item seized/confiscated during the anti-drug operation.

Drug Law Enforcement Operation – an official action conducted by the PNP with the aim of achieving supply and demand reduction of dangerous drugs.

Eradication – the detection and destruction of plantations of marijuana, opium poppy, coca bush and other plants which are sources of dangerous drugs, including the identification, arrest and prosecution of the planter, owner or cultivator of the land where the plantations are located.

Flagrante Delicto – means in every act of wrong (Philippine Legal Encyclopedia). For purposes of this Manual it shall mean in the act of committing any violation of RA 9165.

Ground Commander – is a designated police commissioned officer who is physically present in the target area and responsible for the over-all supervision and control of the anti-drug operation conducted by a composite unit.

High-Profile Targets (HPT) – Illegal Drug personalities whether local or foreign, involved in the manufacture, importation, exportation, large scale distribution, transport or delivery of large quantity of dangerous drugs, CPECS, laboratory equipment/apparatus, maintenance of a drug den, dive or resort and cultivation of plantation of plant sources of dangerous drugs.

Intelligence – is a product created through the process of planning, directing, collecting, collating, and analyzing data, for dissemination as usable information that typically assesses events, locations or adversaries, to allow the appropriate deployment of resources to reach a desired outcome.

Interdiction – is the interception of illegal drugs being transported by air, water and land.

Interview – the process of eliciting information from witnesses, suspects and confidential informants.

Instrumentation – is the scientific examination of evidence collected in the course of anti-drug operations.

Investigation – is the collection of facts and evidence to accomplish a three-fold aim:

a. to identify the guilty party

b. to locate the guilty party

c. to provide evidence of guilt

Investigator-On-Case – a police officer responsible in the investigation, gathering of evidence and the preparation of documents for purposes of inquest or direct filing of the case before the prosecutor’s office.

Planned Operation – A designed police operation targeting personalities, syndicates and their accomplices involved in illegal drug activities.

Poseur-buyer – the police officer who is designated to pretend to be a civilian buyer of dangerous drugs for purposes of effecting the arrest of the offender.

Pusher – any person who sells, administers, delivers, give away to another or by any terms, distributes, dispatches, in transit or transports any dangerous drugs or CPECs or who acts as a broker in any such transaction.

Recorder – a police officer responsible in recording the events that transpired during the conduct of the anti-drug operation.

Search – the examination of an individual’s person, house, papers or effects or other premises to discover contraband or some evidence of guilt to be used in the prosecution of a criminal action.

Search Warrant – an order in writing issued in the name of the People of the Philippines, signed by a judge and directed to a peace officer, directing him to search for personal property described therein and bring it before the court. (Sec. 1, Rule 126, Rules of Court)

Seizing/Inventory Officer – the police officer who is designated to seize and inventory the evidence from the arrested suspects.

Surveillance – Discreet observation of places, persons and vehicles for the purpose of obtaining information concerning the identities or activities of the subjects.

Team – Two (2) or more police officers trained in anti-illegal drug operations.

Team Leader – A police officer, preferably a PCO, responsible for leading his team in the conduct of case build-up, raid, arrest, investigation, filing and monitoring of the case.


Use of Force – is the application of reasonable force to subdue or effect the arrest of violators of RA 9165.

RULE II – GENERAL RULES AND PROCEDURES

Section 8. Authority to Operate

a. Paragraph (a) to (e) Section 24, RA 6975 as amended by RA 8551.

b. Republic Act 9165 and its IRR.

c. The PNP still possess authority to conduct anti-illegal drug operation provided that the case shall eventually be transferred to the PDEA based on Supreme Court Decisions in People of the Philippines versus Sta. Maria, G.R. No. 171019, February 23, 2007 and People of the Philippines versus Rashamia Hernandez et. Al., G.R. No. 184804, June 18, 2009. Hence, PDEA deputation is no longer necessary or required for PNP personnel assigned with anti-drug units.

d. The PNP is not prevented from conducting warrantless arrest under Section 5, Rule 113 and search incident to a lawful arrest under Section 13, Rule 126 of the Rules of Court.

e. DOJ Legal Opinion No 67 series of 2009.

Section 9. Coordination Requirements

a. PNP units, prior to any anti-drug operations shall, as far as practicable, coordinate with the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency.

b. In any case, the PNP anti-drug units shall coordinate/inform the PDEA of the anti-drug operation within 24 hours from the time of the actual custody of the suspects or seizure of said drugs and substances as well as paraphernalia and transport equipment used in illegal activities involving such drugs and/or substances and shall regularly update the PDEA on the status of the cases involving the said anti-drug operation. (Section 86[a] IRR RA 9165)

c. The word “As far as practicable” as being used in Section 86, IRR, RA 9165, means that which prior coordination with the PDEA may be done, practiced or accomplished and which is feasible and possible to be performed. However, it admits exceptions. The following instances, among others are deemed not practicable for prior coordination, to wit:

1. In remote places where coordination is not possible;

2. When coordination will compromise the lives of police operatives, informant and witnesses, involved in anti-drug operation;

3. When coordination will prejudice the apprehension of drug suspects and confiscation of dangerous drugs and CPECs;

4. When prior coordination will compromise the entire police operation.

(Note: In the above instances, post coordination shall be made in lieu of prior coordination).

Section 10. Reporting Requirements – In every successful anti-drug operation, PNP SAIDOTG, DAIDSOTG, PAIDSOTG, RAIDSOTG and NOSUs shall submit to the PNP AIDSOTF and The Directorate for Operations the following reports:

a. Spot Report

b. Development Report

c. After Operation Report

d. Progress Report

Section 11. Planning and Preparation

a. As a general rule, all operations must be preceded by adequate planning and preparation to ensure the successful prosecution of cases, observance of the human rights of suspects, safety of operating elements and the security and integrity of seized items/evidence.

b. All high profile targets involving clandestine laboratory, multi-national targets, and transshipments shall be covered with a COPLAN to be submitted to PNP AIDSOTF for evaluation and other consideration.

c. Good intelligence is indispensable in the planning and preparation for an operation. It must be a product of careful analysis of all relevant information such as maps, physical description of target premises, sketches, personality profiles of suspects, terrain and population analyses of the area(s) and other information that can contribute to the apprehension of suspects and/or seizure of prohibited items and evidence with the least danger posed to operating elements.

d. The designated team leader must determine the number of agents he/she will need to successfully conduct the anti-drug operations. In choosing his members, the following shall be considered: 1) Expertise; 2) Experience; 3) Technical Aptitude.

e. The team leader must, prior to the actual anti-drug operations, conduct a detailed briefing to the operating personnel. Charts, photographs, maps, etc., should be used as necessary. The specific duties and responsibilities of each member must be clearly discussed.

f. Planning must include the proper handling and disposition of apprehended suspects and seized items wherein no apprehended persons shall be released without clearance from the duly designated authority.

g. The team leader must be involved in the final phase of the planning to ensure clear understanding of the mission and the concept of the operation. This will allow him/her the opportunity to make recommendations based on the capabilities and limitations of the team.

h. The team leader in coordination with the assigned legal officer should see to it that appropriate warrant/s are obtained.

i. Without sacrificing operational security, coordination must be done with the local police units of the area of operation to prevent any possible confrontation.

j. The team leader must also designate an investigator who shall keep and preserve notes to record the actual conduct of the operation including valuable information that can be used in the prosecution of the case or in the conduct of future operations.

k. All operating units shall designate a “seizing officer” who shall be responsible for taking into custody all drug and non-drug evidence during the anti-drug operations to ensure that all these are safe and handled in accordance with Section 21 RA 9165 and its IRR.

l. The Team Leader shall submit to PDEA a copy of the case folder after the filing of the case.

m. No PNP personnel shall be allowed to conduct a planned anti-illegal drug operation unless he is a member of an anti-drug unit.

Section 12. Conduct of Operation

a. All anti-illegal drug operations to be conducted by a team shall be led by a police commissioned officer except in far flung areas where there are no assigned PCO’s.

b. In any anti-drug operation, the team leader must see to it that all actions are in accordance with the law, the crime-scene preserved and well-managed, the suspects are properly arrested, all possible evidence are taken into custody and that the safety of operating elements and innocent people in the area of operation are ensured.

c. All PNP Anti-Drug units shall be required to have at least one (1) female member operative who shall be responsible for arresting and frisking female suspects and for taking into custody children found in the place of operation.

d. The desk officer shall maintain a record of the events, which includes among others, jump-off time and date, name of team leader, area/s of operation and vehicles used. A record book shall be preserved for the purpose and shall form part of the documents covering the operation.

e. Upon arrival in the area of operation, instant area observation and assessment must be conducted by the team leader and last minute instructions given, as necessary.

f. In case an arrest is to be made, the arresting elements must do it quickly and with reasonable force, anticipating possible resistance with the use of deadly weapons which may be concealed in the suspect/s’ body, in vehicle or in a place within arm’s reach.

g. Any arrested suspect shall be apprised of his/her CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS (I/We are police officers I/we are arresting you for violation of RA 9165. You are hereby informed that you have the right to remain silent and to have a competent and independent counsel of your own choice, and if you cannot afford the services of a counsel you will be provided one). “Kami ay mga pulis, inaaresto ka namin sa paglabag ng RA 9165. Pinapaalalahanan ka namin na ikaw ay may karapatang magsawalang kibo at magkarron ng isang manananggol na iyong sariling pili, at kung hindi mo kayang umupa ng isang manananggol bibigyan ka namin ng isa” loudly and clearly after having been secured with handcuffs – hands behind the back. In cases where the arrested suspects are foreign nationals or person with impaired senses, the police officers must inform their rights in the manner understood by them or thru an interpreter if practicable.

h. All arrested suspects must be handcuffed. Should there be shortage of handcuffs, suspects’ hands must be bound by any restraining material. In case of children in conflict with law (CICL), they shall not be handcuffed unless there is a valid reason to restrain them.

i. The team leader must see to it that all pieces of evidence from the suspect/s or those found in the area of operation are handled in accordance with Section 6 of this Manual.

j. Upon return of the operating personnel to their station, the duty desk officer must record the time and date of return, name/s of the arrested person/s, and other significant circumstances that transpired during the operation.

Section13. Handling, Custody and Disposition of Drug Evidence

a. In the handling, custody and disposition of the evidence, the provision of Section 21, RA 9165 and its IRR shall be strictly observed.

b. Photographs of the pieces of evidence must be taken upon discovery without moving or alerting its position in the place where it is situated, kept or hidden, including the process of recording the inventory and the weighing of dangerous drugs, and if possible under existing conditions, with the registered weight of the evidence on the scale focused by the camera, in the presence of persons required, as provided under Section 21, Art. II, RA 9165.

c. The seizing officer must mark the evidence with his initials indicating therein the date, time and place where the evidence was found and seized. The seizing officer shall secure and preserve the evidence in a suitable evidence bag or in an appropriate container for further laboratory examinations.

d. Where the situation requires urgent action, suspected drug evidence acquired may be “field-tested” using a drug test kit. If the result is positive this will be the basis of the seizure and the conduct of further drug analysis.

e. Containers, packaging, equipment, etc., suspected of containing trace amounts of drugs including controlled precursors and essential chemicals will be considered drug evidence and shall be submitted for drug analysis.

f. In every negation operation, a “seizing officer” shall be designated who shall be responsible for the inventory and initial custody of all drug and non-drug evidence during the anti-drug operations. These will later be turned over to the investigation officer or any member of the apprehending team, as the case may be, up to the Crime Laboratory for laboratory examination and proper disposition.

g. Cellphones, computers/laptops or any other electronic equipment or gadgets shall be properly preserved for evidentiary purposes and technical exploitation.

A – Drug Evidence

a. Upon seizure or confiscation of the dangerous drugs or controlled precursors and/or essential chemicals (CPECs), laboratory equipment, apparatus and paraphernalia, the operating unit’s seizing officer/inventory officer must conduct the physical inventory, markings and photograph the same in the place of operation in the presence of:

a. The suspect/s or the person/s from whom such items were confiscated and/or seized or his/her representative or counsel.

b. A representative from the media.

c. A representative from the Department of Justice; and

d. Any elected public official who shall affix their signatures and who shall be given copies of the inventory.

b. For seized drugs covered by search warrants, the inventory must be conducted in the place where the search warrant was served.

c. In warrantless seizures like buy-bust operations, the inventory and the taking of photographs should be done at the nearest police station or office of the apprehending officer or team. However, the apprehending authority is not precluded from conducting the inventory at the place where the drugs were seized.

d. If the said procedures in the inventory, markings and taking of photographs of the seized items were not observed, (Section 21, RA 9165), the law enforcers must present an explanation to justify non-observance of prescribed procedures and “must prove that the integrity and evidentiary value of the seized items are not tainted.”

e. All the dangerous drugs and/or CPECs shall be properly marked for identification, weighed when possible or counted, sealed, packed and labeled. The items weighed in their gross weight, if already determined, should be noted on the inventory and chain of ‘custody forms or’ evidence vouchers.

f. Within the same period, the seizing/inventory officer shall prepare a list of inventory receipt of confiscation/seizure to include but not limited to the following:

1. Time, date and place of occurrence/seizure.

2. Identity of person/s arrested.

3. Identity of the seizing officer and all persons present.

4. Circumstances in which seizure took place.

5. Description of a vehicle, vessel, place or person searched where the substance was found.

6. Description of packaging, seals and other identifying features.

7. Description of quantity, volume and units and the measurement method employed.

8. Description of the substance found.

9. Description of any preliminary identification test (test kit) used and results.

g. Within 24 hours upon confiscation/seizure when practicable, all seized drugs and/or CPECs shall be submitted to the PNP Crime Laboratory for examination and proper disposition.

h. All pieces of drug evidence shall be turned over by the seizing officer to the investigator on case who will subsequently turnover the same to the PNP Crime Laboratory for examination. Receipts shall be required in every phase of this turn-over.

i. The seizing officer shall accomplish the Chain of Custody Form with the affixed signatures which shall accompany the evidence turned over to the investigator-on-case or the Crime Laboratory as the case may be.

B – Non-Drug Evidence

a. All pieces of non-drug evidence shall be photographed, inventoried and properly marked as required under Section 21, RA 9165:

1. Buy-bust money, if applicable

2. For motor vehicles, a sticker containing pertinent information (name of suspects, date and time of arrest, arresting unit, and arresting officers) shall be attached on area where it is most visible.

3. For firearms, ammunitions, explosives or other deadly weapons, tags containing the same information shall be attached.

4. Smaller pieces of evidence shall be placed inside the evidence bag on which written are the same data.

5. Cell phones, laptops, computers and other electronic gadgets, tags containing the necessary description shall be attached.

b. After the conduct of an anti-drug operation, the Investigator-on-Case shall immediately prepare a detailed report including photographs of all the seized/confiscated non-drug evidence. As far as practicable, a lawyer from the Legal Service will be present to ensure that testimonies/information gathered can stand the scrutiny of law.

c. For seized/confiscated motor vehicles, a Technical Inspection Report (TIR) shall be prepared by the Seizing Officer/Investigator-on-Case immediately after the seizure/confiscation. If possible, the suspect/occupant of the confiscated evidence shall be present during the conduct of the technical inspection and should affix his signature on the report.

C – Chain of Custody

a. The seizing officer must preserve the integrity and evidentiary value of the evidence.

b. The number of persons handling the drug evidence from the time it was seized/confiscated should be limited to the seizing officer, the investigator-on-case or any duly authorized member and PNP Crime Laboratory duly authorized personnel. Non-drug evidence shall be turned-over to the evidence custodian.

c. An acknowledgment receipt shall be issued by the person receiving the evidence. Such receipt shall form part of the case folder of the transmitting unit.

d. The seizing officer shall accomplish and sign the chain of custody form which shall accompany the evidence up to the PNP Crime Laboratory for examination.

Section 14. Airport and Maritime Interdiction Operations – The PNP-Aviation Security Group and Maritime Group shall establish their respective anti-illegal drug investigation section for purposes of airport and maritime drug interdiction respectively.

A – Airport Interdiction

a. In case of Airport Interdiction, the PNP AVSEGROUP shall make lateral coordination with the PNP-AIDSOTF and other government law enforcement units when necessary, regarding the conduct of planned anti-drug operations.

b. In all international airports in the country, all arriving passengers and cargoes are under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Customs. The PNP AVSEGROUP is the OPR in airport interdictions in so far as the departing passengers are concerned.

c. In domestic airports where there are no Bureau of Customs personnel, the PNP AVSEGROUP shall be the OPR both for the arriving and departing passengers and cargoes in connection with anti-drug interdiction operation.

d. In cases where dangerous drugs, CPECs paraphernalia and equipment are discovered by the PNP AVSEGROUP in the person, baggage or luggage of any passenger, the rules and procedures prescribed under In Flagrante cases of this Manual shall be observed.

e. Whenever available, drug detection devises or aids such as K-9 dogs will be used for the search of concealed illicit drugs in luggage, freight, containers, etc. The PNP AIDSOTF may be requested to provide assistance in identifying the drug or chemical contrabands as well as in handling drug evidence.

f. Unless agreed upon prior to the joint operation, routine inspection/s and effecting arrest of suspect/s as well as the investigation thereof should be left to the PNP AVSEGROUP.

B – Maritime Interdiction

a. In case of maritime interdiction, the PNP MARITIME GROUP shall make lateral coordination with PNP-AIDSOTF and other government law enforcement units when necessary, regarding the conduct of planned anti-drug operations.

b. The PNP MARITIME GROUP, in anti-drug interdiction operation shall strictly observe the provisions of PNP MARITIME GROUP Seaborne Coastal Law Enforcement Procedures and this Manual in implementing RA 9165.

c. Maritime Interdiction operation shall be conducted in any of the following circumstances:

1. Contraband being brought aboard a vessel travelling in Philippine waters towards off-loading or landing area.

2. Contraband being transferred to and from vessels at sea (mother-ship operation).

3. Contraband being brought from vessels close to shore preceded by signaling between vessels and the coast.

4. Contraband being brought aboard inflatable boats and small-crafts moving offshore at high speed (especially at night).

5. Craft anchored or off-loading contraband on remote areas of coastline.

d. The participating agencies/units, if practicable, shall be deployed at their designated area of responsibility. In case the drug traffickers change their drop-off points, the PNP-AIDSOTF shall redeploy the supporting units/agencies (PNP MARITIME GROUP, PNP territorial unit) in other locations.

e. Coordination and assistance from the nearest PNP territorial unit and other armed services where necessary shall be made by the unit concerned deployed at their area of jurisdiction.

f. The following are the actions to be undertaken in case the target foreign or local ship was detected, and stopped for boarding by the PNP MARITIME GROUP:

1. The members of the boarding team shall board and secure the ship and the suspects.

2. The evidence collection team will then board the ship to gather pieces of evidence taking into consideration the rules on evidence collection and preservation.

3. The ship shall be anchored at the nearest seaport for proper inventory of seized items in accordance with the requirements under Section 21, RA 9165.

4. In the absence of the required witnesses during the inventory, the available team leaders of the participating team should witness the proper inventory of the seized items.

5. Conduct follow-up operations, if necessary.

g. The following are the actions to be undertaken in case target ship was not located:

1. Coastal and beach search patrols shall be conducted at the probable landing points to seize the illegal drug and arrest the drug traffickers.

2. Mobile checkpoints shall be conducted at the probable escape routes of the drug traffickers.

3. In case the drug traffickers are intercepted, the seized drugs and arrested personalities shall brought to the nearest secure place or area, preferably to a police station, for physical inventory of the evidence and investigation of the arrested suspects.

h. In cases where dangerous drugs, CPECs, paraphernalia and equipment are discovered by the PNP MARITIME GROUP in the person, effects, baggage or luggage of any passenger or crew of the vessel or inside the ship or vessel, the rules and procedures prescribed under In Flagrante cases of this Manual shall be observed.

Section 15. Responsibility of other PNP National Operating Support Units (NOSUs). In their normal police functions, PNP National Operating Support Units may conduct arrest and seizure operation in consonance with the provisions of Section 5, Rule 113 and Section 13, Rule 126 of the Rules of Court. In the investigation and subsequent filing of cases, the rules provided under Section 25 of this Manual on In flagrante delicto cases shall be observed.

Section16. Handling of Information on High Profile Targets – All information received by PNP Units involving high-profile targets (HPT), clandestine laboratories, CPECs warehouses and storage facilities shall be referred to PNP-AIDSOTF for the conduct of joint case-build up and negation operation.

Section 17. Observance of the Constitutional Rights of the Suspect/Accused – All PNP member/Anti-Illegal Drug Units before making any arrest, detention, and investigation shall appraise the suspect/s or accused of their constitutional rights, with emphasis on their rights to remain silent and to counsel as required by R.A. 7438 and Rule 113 of the Rules of court.

Section 18. Prohibition to PNP member – No PNP member shall be allowed to conduct a planned anti-illegal drug operation unless he is a member of an authorized anti-drug unit.

RULE III – SPECIFIC RULES AND PROCEDURES – This rule covers the procedures in any planned or unplanned anti-illegal drug operation and investigation:

I – Planned Operations

Section 19. Buy-Bust Operation – All warrantless arrest, search, and seizures to be undertaken by PNP member/anti-drug units shall be in accordance with Section 5, paragraphs (a) and (b), Rule 113, Section 13, Rule 126 of the Rules of Court, respectively and relevant Supreme Court Decisions.

A – Prior to Buy-Bust

a. The Team Leader shall see to it that prior reports have been submitted which may include but not limited to the following classified reports:

1. Summary of Information of the target/s

2. Special Reports

3. Surveillance Report

4. Contact meeting report

5. Development report

b. If necessary, a test buy may first be conducted. If there’s any, the dangerous drugs purchased shall be photographed, marked, packaged, sealed and submitted to PNP Crime Laboratory for examination. The PNP CRIME LABORATORY shall issue a laboratory result for the purpose.

c. Preparation of the buy-bust or boodle money. The “buy-bust” money shall be duly marked or dusted with ultra-violet powder by the PNP Crime Laboratory. It shall be properly photographed, reproduced and/or recorded indicating the serial numbers and the person who released the money, the officer who received the same and delivered to the PNP Crime Laboratory for dusting. The officer receiving the money shall issue a receipt for the purpose.

d. Preparation of the prior coordination with PDEA as far as practicable and the territorial police units.

e. Preparation of the Inventory Receipt of Evidence Form for recovered evidence, the Technical Inspection Receipt form for recovered vehicles, and other pro-forma documents needed in the operation.

f. Preparation and inspection of the following: Firearms, communication, vehicles, camera and other equipment and documents to be used by the team members.

g. The Team Leader shall ensure that he has the contact numbers of the representatives from DOJ, Media and any local elected officials in the area for inventory purposes as required under Section 21, RA 9165.

h. The Team Leader shall conduct a briefing emphasizing the role of every member and on the agreed pre-arranged signal to be executed by the poseur-buyer once the sale of dangerous drugs has been consummated.

i. The team composition and their functions may include the following:

1. Team Leader – a police officer, preferably a PCO, responsible for leading his team in the conduct of case build-up, raid, arrest, investigation, filing and monitoring of the case.

2. Assistant Team Leader (Optional) – a police officer responsible for giving assistance to the Team Leader and for assuming all the responsibilities in the absence of the Team Leader.

3. Poseur Buyer – a police officer who is designated to pretend to be a civilian buyer of dangerous drugs for purposes of effecting the arrest of the offender.

4. Arresting Officer – a police officer responsible for the apprehension of the suspect/s.

5. Investigator-On-Case – a police officer responsible in the investigation, gathering of evidence and the preparation of documents for purposes of inquest or direct filing of the case before the prosecutor’s office.

6. Seizing/Inventory Officer – a police officer who is designated to seize and inventory the evidence from arrested suspect/s.

7. Back up security – a police officer responsible as security to the raiding team to prevent and control the entry and exit of all persons in the place of operation.

8. Recorder – a police officer responsible for recording the events/incidents that transpired during the conduct of the anti-drug operation.

j. The composition and functions of the operating team may be modified as necessary based on the demands of the situation.

B – Buy-Bust Phase

a. The poseur-buyer should ensure that the suspect delivers the dangerous drugs or accepts the marked or dusted money before giving the prearranged signal for the arrest. In the pre-positioning of the team members, the designated arresting and/or back-up elements should observe the negotiation/transaction between the suspect and the poseur-buyer. The back-up elements should be strategically positioned to secure the area.

b. Upon the execution of the pre-arranged signal, the designated arresting officers shall arrest the suspect/s. They shall introduce themselves as police officer to the suspect/s.

c. The arresting officers shall inform the arrested suspect/s of his/her CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS in a language understandable to him. (I/We are police officers I/we are arresting you for violation of RA 9165. You are hereby informed that you have the right to remain silent and to have a competent and independent counsel of your own choice, and if you cannot afford the services of counsel, you will be provided one/Kami ay mga pulis, inaaresto ka namin sa paglabag ng RA 9165. Pinapaalalahanan ka namin na ikaw ay may karapatang magsawalang kibo at magkaroon ng isang manananggol na iyong sariling pili, at kung hindi mo kayang umupa ng isang manananggol bibigyan ka namin ng isa).

d. After the arrest, the arresting officers shall search the body of the suspect for the recovery of the buy-bust money and/or deadly weapon.

e. The seizing officer shall immediately seize and take initial custody of the dangerous drugs.

f. The seizing officer shall thereafter conduct the actual physical inventory, place markings and photograph the evidence in the place of operation in the presence of:

1. The accused or the person/s from whom such items were confiscated and/or seized or his/her representative or counsel;

2. A representative from the media;

3. A representative from the Department of Justice; and

4. Any elected public official (at least Brgy. Kagawad) who shall sign, and shall be given copies of the inventory.

(Note: The presence of the above-mentioned witnesses shall only be required during the physical inventory of the confiscated items.)

g. In warrantless searches and seizures like buy-bust operations, the inventory and taking of photographs shall be made where the evidence or items were confiscated to properly preserve the integrity and evidentiary value of the evidence. In case of failure to do so, the conduct of inventory may be made at the nearest police station or office of the apprehending officer or team, however, they must execute a written explanation to justify non-compliance of the prescribed rules on inventory under Section 21, RA 9165. Thereafter, the arresting/seizing officer shall turn-over the arrested suspects as well as the seized articles or items of evidence to the Investigator-On-Case who shall be required to issue an acknowledgment receipt of the turn-over.

h. The Investigator-On-Case in coordination with the seizing officer shall submit the seized dangerous drugs to the PNP Crime Laboratory for examination and analysis and the arrested suspects for Physical/Medical examination and drug testing.

C – After Buy-Bust Phase – After the conduct of BUY-BUST OPERATION the following shall be strictly observed:

a. The Investigator-On-Case shall prepare the Case Referral to the prosecutor’s office for inquest proceeding for violation of Section 5, Art. II, RA 9165 and attach the following:

1. Copy of the Spot Report

2. Copy of the Inventory of Property Seized duly verified under oath

3. Copy of the Request for and Result of Laboratory Examination of seized items

4. Copy of the Request for and Result of Physical/Medical Examination and drug test of the suspects

5. Copy of the Request for and Result of ultra violet examination on the buy-bust money used and the suspect

6. Affidavit of Arrest executed by the arresting officer

7. Affidavit of Poseur buyer to be prepared by the poseur buyer

8. Copy of the Initial drug test result

9. Copy of the Receipt of Turn-Over of Evidence

10. Copy of the Receipt of Turn-Over of the arrested suspect/s

11. Duly accomplished Booking sheet and arrest report

12. Photographs of the suspect/s and evidence

b. The Investigator-On-Case shall bring the arrested person together with the arresting personnel, seizing officer or other witnesses and the pieces of evidence to the prosecutor’s office for inquest proceeding.

c. After inquest, the Investigator-On-Case may ask the Court for the issuance of Commitment Order for turn-over of the arrested person/s to the Jail Warden for custody pending trial of the case attaching a copy of the case disposition by the Inquest Prosecutor/MTC Judge, Booking Sheet and Medical Examination Certificate of the suspect.

(Note: The case must be filed within the reglementary period prescribed under Article 125 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended, wherein it provides for 12 hours for Light Offenses, 18 hours of Less Grave, and 36 hours for Grave Offense).

d. Thereafter, the Investigator-On-Case shall submit After-Inquest Report to the chief of the office and furnish the PDEA a copy of the case folder and shall regularly update the latter with the status of the case.

e. The Investigator-On-Case and the arresting officers respectively shall maintain a Case Tracking/Monitoring System or Record of the Case and shall inform in writing his immediate officer and the higher office if the case is dismissed or the suspect/s is released for further investigation by the prosecutor.

f. The Chief of Office shall ensure that all police witnesses shall religiously attend and testify in court during the trial and shall require them to secure a Certificate of Appearance from the Court and to submit After Court-Duty Report.

Section 20. Search and Seizure by virtue of Warrant – the following rules and procedure shall govern the responsibility of anti-drug units in the application and implementation of a search warrant.

A – Before the Application for a Search Warrant

a. The Team Leader shall see to it that prior data/information have been acquired and reduced into classified reports which may include but not limited to the following, to wit:

1. Summary of Information

2. Contact Meeting Report

3. Surveillance/Casing Report

4. Development Report

b. Once the identity, movements, activities and location of the suspect are established, a test-buy shall be undertaken, if necessary, or a sample may be obtained from the suspect by an operating team to test the genuineness of the dangerous drugs in the possession of the target personality.

c. In case a clandestine laboratory and chemical warehouse, samples of finished product or controlled precursors and essential chemicals (CPECs) may be obtained including photographs of the laboratory equipment and apparatus without compromising the whole operation.

d. Laboratory examination shall be requested and the pieces of evidence obtained in the test-buy operation shall be submitted to the PNP Crime Laboratory. If the result of the laboratory examination turns out to be positive for dangerous drugs and/or CPECs, the deposition of two (2) witnesses who have reasons to believe that the crime is being committed by the suspect personalities, shall be prepared and the application for the issuance of the search warrant shall be made. (Rules on Criminal Procedure, Rule 126).

e. All applications for a Search Warrant before the LOCAL COURTS shall be approved by the Regional, Provincial, District, City Directors, Chief of Police and NOSU Directors as the case maybe, or their duly designated authority. However, if there is reasonable ground to believe that the application in the local courts shall compromise the operation, the applications for SW for violation of RA 9165 may also be filed before the Executive Judges of Manila and Quezon City as the case maybe with the personal endorsement of the C, PNP or TDIDM as provided for under Supreme Court A.M. No. 08-4-4-SC, dated July 7, 2009.

f. The application shall contain the following data:

1. Office applying for the Search Warrant

2. Name and signatures of applicant, deponent-witnesses and approving authority

3. Name of the subject/aliases

4. Nature of the offense

5. Exact address of place to be searched

6. Specific statement of facts and items to be seized. If necessary, indicate specific facts that would justify the service of the search warrant other than day time

7. Sketch and pictures of the place to be searched

8. Description or pictures of subject persons if available

g. Upon approval by the chief of office concerned, the application shall be filed with the court of jurisdiction during office hours. However, the application may be filed after office hours, during Saturdays, Sundays and holidays provided the applicant shall certify and state the facts under oath, to the satisfaction of the Judge, that its issuance is urgent as provided under Supreme Court Administrative Circular No. 19 dated August 4, 1987. In view of this, the concerned units are encouraged to coordinate with and acquire the addresses and contact numbers of the Judges in their respective jurisdictions.

h. Upon issuance of the Search Warrant, the Team Leader shall inform the chief of office of its implementation. The unit which has acquired a warrant must inform the PNP-AIDSOTF for monitoring purposes.

B – During the Service of Search Warrant

a. A search warrant must be served by a team of the police unit concerned within ten (10) days (otherwise it shall be void) from its issuance in the exact place as indicated. Before engaging in any type of search and seizure operation, a review of the provisions of Rule 126 of The Revised Rules on Criminal Procedure and PNP Operational Procedure shall be conducted.

b. Things or personal properties not specifically indicated or particularly described in the search warrant shall not be taken unless illegal or prohibited per se.

c. Implementation or service of Search Warrant shall be under the supervision of either the Team Leader, Chief of Office or Ground Commander as the case may be.

d. An Operating Team (SAF, RMG, PMG, SWAT, EOD, etc), regardless of its size, should be organized with different taskings to ensure the successful conduct of anti-drug operations. The following are the different taskings:

1. Supervisor – Acts as the Team Leader, Chief of Office or Ground Commander, ensures the orderly and proper conduct of searches and seizures.

2. Entry Team – To neutralize armed elements inside the target area and arrest any suspect who may be found.

3. Searching and Investigating Team – Is composed of police officers tasked to perform functions like Seizing, Inventory, Recording, Photograph-documenting, and Investigating for the purpose of securing the crime scene, seize, confiscate, inventory, record and photograph all evidence, items and articles described in the search warrant which may be found in the exact area of operation.

4. Perimeter/Security Team – The team usually employs the most number of personnel especially in heavily populated areas. The team’s purpose is to seal the outer boundary of the operational area and establish crowd control. With the outer boundary sealed off, the possibility that the curious public will hinder officers participating in the service of the warrant is reduced. Members of the perimeter team control onlookers who could interfere with the operations and bystanders who might place themselves in danger. The team should be ready to evacuate persons from the area and set-up additional crowd control measures when require. The team must also be ready for pursuit operations when needed and are tasked to handle traffic control and direction when necessary. The unit size will largely depend on the operational area.

5. VIP/MEDIA Handling Team – Responsible for the management of the entry and exits of VIP, MEDIA and authorized officials in the area of operation in coordination with the Supervisor and the Site Safety Control Officer. He/she shall record the names, positions, addresses, and the purpose of their visit as well as his/her advice or action taken for the purpose.

6. Processing/SOCO Team – The team that undertakes the collection, documentation and forensic examination of collected physical evidence with the end view of establishing facts relative to a crime scene. The SOCO team is mandatory when the subject of the search warrant is a clandestine laboratory, chemical warehouses or storage facility. The SOCO Team compositions are as follows:

1. Team Leader – establishes and maintains site control; manages the processing of the crime scene and coordinates all functions of the SOCO members; coordinates with other law enforcement agencies as needed; responsible for the consolidation of laboratory reports and other SOCO documents relative to the case.

2. Site Safety Control Officer – an officer (preferably a chemist) who has undergone training in Clandestine Lab Site Safety and Emergency Procedures. Together with the Forensic Chemist, he/she will conduct initial assessment of the scene, determine the level of protective equipment necessary for the processing; ventilate and render the area safe. He/She will monitor the well being of team members and constantly assess and identify hazards and/or potential dangers; and safeguard against them to prevent injury or illness. He/she shall be responsible for cautioning the operating team, VIPs, MEDIA, DOJ or Court Officers and others, regarding the hazards of the CPECs and the prevailing situation for their safety.

3. Forensic Chemist – will conduct initial assessment of the scene, shutdown chemical reactions, conduct inventory of items in the scene, conduct field testing and sampling of the specimens and identifies which pieces of evidence will be brought to the laboratory for further analysis.

4. Evidence log recorder/custodian – records items processed in the site and takes custody of pieces of evidence to be brought to the laboratory for examination.

5. Photographer – documents the macro and micro details of the laboratory using camera and video cam.

6. Sketcher – takes sketches and records key measurements in the crime scene

7. Fingerprint specialist – lifts fingerprints found in the crime scene.

8. Driver/Security – ensures no unauthorized or unnecessary access to the scene and provides physical security to the SOCO elements and equipments.

(Note: Other teams may be added in the composition of the Operating Team depending on the situation such as Medical, HAZMAT and Fire fighting Teams)

e. All information regarding the proposed search and seizure operation should be disseminated on a need-to-know basis. The operational plan for the search and seizure operations should be kept among the immediate members of the team. The following should be observed during the Pre- Search and Seizure Operations Briefing conducted on the day of implementation of SW.

1. The team leader should conduct initial briefing and assign the different tasking to each member without mentioning the identities of the subject and description and location of the target place.

2. In cases where there are several units involved in the operation, the Ground Commander should be designated and brief the team leaders. Sequentially, all the team leaders should brief their own team members in detail as to their specific tasking. A command post shall be established strategically for the purpose.

3. Prior entry assignments should be given enough consideration and explanation which includes:

i) Custody and handling of evidence;

ii) Custody and handling of arrested suspects;

iii) Custody and handling of seized vehicles;

iv) Custody and handling of minor suspects;

4. The final briefing should be conducted immediately prior to jump-off and as close as possible to the time and target place where the SW will be implemented to protect the confidentiality of the information. At this stage, a detailed description or identity of the suspect/s, the exact target area shall be revealed to the team members. Team members should know the nature of the drug evidence being sought as described in the SW to help them determine where it may be hidden as well as the detailed description of the vehicles used, supporters and the possible escape routes of the suspect/s.

B.1 – Entry Stage

a. Based on the tasking, the entry team shall immediately enter and secure the area. Then the search team shall enter and take control. The perimeter/security team shall establish a police line.

b. The team leader shall read, explain and furnish a copy of the search warrant to the suspect/s or occupant/s in the presence of at least two (2) witnesses preferably elected officials or responsible persons in the area.

c. In case of resistance, the entering group shall subdue the suspect/s with the use of ne- cessary and reasonable force, e.g., breaking open any barrier of a house or any part of a house after the agents have given a loud and clear notice of the authority and purpose (e.g. “We are Police Officers. We have a warrant to search these premises” or “Kami po ay mga pulis at merong kautusan na maghalughug sa iyong nasasakupan”) and have waited for a reasonable amount of time for the occupant to open the door.

B.2 – Search Procedure

a. The searching team and the required witnesses shall enter the premises and shall perform the following:

1. Each subject of the SW/Occupant should be properly identified and frisked for weapons. They shall at all times be present in the conduct of the search. Thereafter, they shall be placed in a secured place.

2. In all cases, the search must be witnessed by the subject of the SW and in the presence of at least two (2) responsible persons in the vicinity, preferably elected officials.

3. Only those personal properties particularly described in the search warrant shall be seized, to wit:

i) Properties that are subject matter of the offense; (Dangerous drugs, Controlled Precursors and Essential Chemicals [CPECs], Laboratory equipment, apparatus and paraphernalia);

ii) Properties that are stolen or embezzled and other proceeds or fruits of the offense;

iii) Properties used or intended to be used in the commission of an offense;

iv) Properties or items/objects which are illegal per se, e.g. firearms and explosives; and

v) Those that may be used as proof of the commission of the offense (Documents, Bankbooks, titles, Certificate of registration, etc. which can be used as evidence in so far as the Anti Money Laundering Case is concerned)

b. If the premises to be searched have two (2) or more rooms or enclosures, each room or enclosure must be searched one (1) at a time in the presence of the same witnesses. (The subject of the SW and two (2) other witnesses preferably elected officials or responsible individuals residing in the locality).

c. The photographer shall take photographs of the search made in the presence of the arrested suspects and the witnesses.

d. Thereafter, the photographer shall take photographs of the actual physical inventory and the markings of the items or articles seized in the presence of the arrested suspect/s and the representative from the Department of Justice, Media and any elected officials as required under Section 21, RA 9165.

e. The owner or occupant of the premises and the two (2) witnesses shall be made to execute and sign a certification that the search was conducted in an orderly manner in their presence and that nothing was lost or destroyed during the search and nothing was taken except those mentioned in the search warrant and must be given a copy of the receipt of seized items/property. If the subject or occupant of the premises refuses to sign the documents, his/her refusal therein must be indicated. (Refer to Annexed format documents).

B.3 – Inventory of Seized Items

a. The seizing officer shall immediately take possession of all items or articles seized as evidence or taken into custody for proper disposition.

b. In case of clandestine laboratories, chemical warehouses or storage facilities, the CPECs or other property seized as evidence should be properly accounted and listed in the receipt of inventory and should be attached to the search warrant. Each article seized will be described in the inventory list as completely as possible indicating the physical description, the location where it was found, time, date and the seizing officer’s name.

c. Upon seizure or confiscation of the dangerous drugs or controlled precursors and/or essential chemicals (CPECs), the seizing officer shall conduct the actual physical inventory, take photographs and mark the same in the presence of:

1. The arrested suspect/s or the person/s from whom such items were confiscated and/or seized or his/her representative or counsel.

2. A representative from the media.

3. A representative from the Department of Justice (must be Prosecutor)

4. Any elected public official.

d. The seizing officer shall issue a detailed inventory receipt of the things/articles seized to the person in whose possession it was found and the witnesses as required under Section 21, RA 9165.

C – After the Search/Return of the SW

a. The SW applicant must immediately deliver, (actual or constructive delivery, e.g. by phone or any fastest means of communication) the things or property seized to the judge who issued the warrant, together with an inventory thereof duly verified under oath.

b. In case of clandestine laboratory, the SW applicant or the team leader shall immediately call the issuing judge and inform him about the result of the implementation of the SW and seek its approval for subsequent turn over of the seized evidence to the Investigator-On-Case or to PNP Crime Laboratory as the case may be. (Section 12, Rule 125, Rules of Court)

(Note: The applicant for SW applicant or team leader must secure the telephone number of the issuing Judge or the Branch of Clerk of Court after the approval of the Search Warrant).

c. Upon the approval of the court, the seizing officer, in coordination with the Investigator-On-Case, shall turn-over the seized evidence to PNP Crime Laboratory for examination and proper disposition. The Investigator-On-Case shall prepare the referral to the PNP Crime Laboratory for examination.

d. The arrested suspect/s shall be brought to the office of the operating unit and shall be turned over to the Investigator-On-Case for investigation, documentation and appropriate action.

e. The Investigator-On-Case shall bring the arrested suspects to PNP Crime Laboratory for Drug Test and Physical/Medical Examination.

f. The Investigator-On-Case shall secure and collate all the result of the Laboratory and Medical Examination for attachment on the case referral to the prosecutor for inquest proceedings.

g. In case where the arrested suspect/s are foreign nationals, the Investigator-On-Case shall make formal communication to the Embassy concerned, Bureau of Immigration and other concerned government agencies such as (AMLC, NBI, etc.)

C.1 – Case Referral

a. The Investigator-On-Case shall prepare the case referral for inquest proceeding before the Prosecutor’s Office with the following attachments:

1. Copy of the Search Warrant

2. Copy of the prior coordination form to PDEA (as far as practicable)

3. Copy of the Spot Report received by PDEA

4. Copy of the Receipt of the Inventory of items seized/confiscated duly verified under oath

5. Copy of the Certification of Orderly Search

6. Photograph of the crime scene

7. Copy of the Receipt of Turn-Over of Evidence

8. Copy of the Receipt of Turn-Over of the arrested suspect/s

9. Copy of the request for and results of the Laboratory, Drug Test and Medical examination on the Drugs and the suspect/s.

10. Copy of the Booking Sheet and Arrest Report

11. Photographs of the evidence seized and the suspect/s

12. Copy of the Affidavit of Arrest

13. Copy of the Affidavit of Seizing Officer

14. Affidavit of other witnesses, if any

15 Others that may be submitted later

b. In cases where there is no arrested suspect, the Investigator-On-Case shall prepare the case referral to the Prosecutor’s Office for appropriate legal action with the following attachments:

1. Copy of the Search Warrant

2. Copy of the prior coordination form to PDEA (as far as practicable)

3. Copy of the Spot Report received by PDEA

4. Copy of the Receipt of the Inventory of items seized/confiscated duly verified under oath

5. Copy of the Certification of Orderly Search

6. Photograph of the crime scene

7. Copy of the Receipt of Turn-Over of Evidence

8. Copy of the request for and results of the Laboratory on the Drugs

9. Photographs of the evidence seized

10. Copy of the Affidavit of Seizing Officer

11. Affidavit of other witnesses, if any

12. Surveillance Report

13. Cartographic Sketches/Descriptions of suspect/s if any

14. Others that may be submitted later

C.2 – After the Filing of the Case

a. The applicant shall make a return of the search warrant to the issuing court after the filing of the case.

b. The Investigator-On-Case shall submit an after inquest report or progress report to the chief of office.

c. The Investigator-On-Case shall furnish PDEA of the copy of the case folder with complete attachment.

d. The operating unit shall regularly update the PNP-AIDSOTF, DO and PDEA with the status of the case.

e. The Investigator-On-Case and the arresting officers respectively shall maintain a case tracking/monitoring system or record of the case and shall inform in writing his immediate officer and the higher office if the case is dismissed or the suspect/s is released for further investigation by the prosecutor.

f. The Chief of Office shall ensure that all police witnesses shall religiously attend and testify in court during the trial and shall require them to submit after court-duty report.

Section 21. Marijuana Eradication

a. The eradication operation shall be preceded by an intelligence data gathering to verify the existence of plantation of marijuana, opium poppy, coca bush and other plants which are sources of dangerous drugs supported by documentary evidences. Summary of information, maps, sketches and photographs.

b. After identifying the exact location of the target plantation, establishing the identity of the cultivator or owner of the land and making a threat assessment, the operating team shall make an operational plan and coordinate with the local PNP and AFP units in the area for air and ground support/assistance, if necessary, in the eradication operation.

c. In cases where armed suspects are sighted in the plantation site, the assault team composed of PNP SAF, RMG or PMG as the case may be, shall be deployed to neutralize them before the anti-drug team shall be deployed in the area.

d. The apprehending team shall immediately effect the arrest of any person found therein.

e. Thereafter the team shall proceed with the manual eradication of illicit plants. Uprooted and/or cut plants shall be brought to a designated area for destruction.

f. Under close direction and supervision, the team shall welcome the voluntary participation of Barangay residents in uprooting or cutting of the plants. Otherwise, they shall seek the cooperation of the Barangay Captain to generate a hired-labor force from among the residents in the Barangay, if budget is available.

g. All uprooted plants, seedlings and leaves must be destroyed and burned in the plantation site in accordance with the provision of Section 21 RA 9165, its IRR and DDB Regulations. The PNP Crime Laboratory shall take only substantial representative samples allowed by the rules for evidentiary purposes; and

h. The team shall take photographs of the evidence from different angles before, during and after the process of uprooting, destroying and burning of the marijuana plants/seedlings.

i. A case shall immediately be filed against the owner/cultivator of the plantation.

Section 22. Financial Investigation

a. During the intelligence/surveillance phase of the anti-drug operations, the PNP Operating units must also gather information on possible money laundering activities of target personalities and their cohorts/accomplices.

b. Operating units must check/examine the financial records of the suspect/s which include, among others, the following:

1. Bank accounts records (Bank statements, deposit slips, encashed checks, credit card monthly billings, debit/credit memos, wire transfers, cashier’s checks, foreign exchange sold);

2. Business records (Articles of Incorporation/By-Laws, board minutes, stock record books);

3. Deed of conveyances (Deed of Sale, Deed of Donation, Deed of Transfer, etc.);

4. TCTs, ORs/CRs of vehicles;

5. Payment of bills, purchase of materials, stock certificates; and

6. Anything that will show that the money went into financial institutions or where the money went/spent and where it came from.

c. If there is a need for financial investigation on the case, the PNP-Anti Drug Unit shall refer the matter to the Anti-Money Laundering Council (ALMC) for appropriate action.

Section 23. Controlled Delivery

a. Intensive intelligence data gathering and evaluation to determine the applicability of controlled delivery operation shall be conducted prior to the conduct of the operations. Intelligence information derived from an informant, other police agencies or international law enforcement agencies shall be properly recorded and documented. Controlled delivery shall be conducted to identify the persons involved, the source country and modus operandi of traffickers.

b. The operation must have a limited time-frame depending upon the magnitude of operations of the drug syndicates, the involvement of target personalities, the capability of selected operating elements and the participation of international drug law enforcement agencies.

c. Selected elements joining the controlled delivery operations shall be isolated from other agents by confinement in a discreet place to be designated by the committee or board to avoid any leak that may compromise the operation.

d. The conduct of controlled delivery shall be either the way of a courier escorted by an undercover agent or by the combination of moving and electronic surveillance depending upon the magnitude of the operation, the source of the stuff to be delivered, the capability of the participating elements and other circumstances affecting the operation.

Section 24. Clandestine Laboratory

A – Clandestine Laboratory Hazards

a. Many clandestine laboratory operators use the drug they manufacture and may be extremely paranoid. Handguns and assault riffles are weapons of choice for them.

b. The operating team should be well protected from dangers of toxic chemicals and must approach all clandestine laboratory situations with the assumption that there are booby traps in the sites. There are different types of these devices.

c. Chemical hazard is the most prevalent hazard common to all clan labs. The presence of chemicals in a clandestine laboratory operation is an immediate threat to law enforcement officers wherever the laboratory or storage facility is found.

d. Fire/Explosion hazard may happen with the presence of incompatible flammable chemicals at the clandestine laboratory site. Sometimes fire and explosion are the reasons for the discovery of clandestine laboratories or storage facilities.

B – Guidelines on Investigation of Clandestine Laboratory and Storage Facility

a. All operations involving clandestine laboratories and storage facilities shall be coordinated with PNP AIDSOTF for technical assistance, proper assessment and evaluation prior to any negation operation.

b. The investigation shall commence with an intelligence data gathering process to verify the existence of the clandestine laboratory or storage facility and to identify the persons involved (usually foreigners) in its operations. The intelligence operations shall be appropriately documented by reports supported by sketches, maps, photographs and other relevant pieces of evidence.

c. Under no circumstance shall any person deliberately use his or her sense of smell, taste, or touch to identify suspected dangerous drugs, chemicals or hazardous materials or substances. Smoking is strictly prohibited in the clandestine laboratory site.

C – Preservation of Clandestine Laboratory Evidence

a. After a PNP anti-drug unit has successfully seized a clandestine laboratory, it shall ensure that the pieces of evidence are properly preserved. It shall strictly observe the following measures:

1. All pieces of evidence shall be handled and processed appropriately having in mind the possibility of lifting latent prints.

2. Any evidence on hand shall not be moved unless first photographed or videotaped. The photograph or videotape shall contain the date/time, sequence, and caption including a complete description of the vehicle, location, etc. The film shall be restored properly as evidence.

3. Once the pieces of evidence have been processed, the bulk chemicals and any contaminated laboratory hardware, including glassware’s, shall be preserved in the clandestine laboratory until after the ocular inspection by the court.

4. All documents found in the laboratory shall be preserved in their totality. They shall also be examined for fingerprints.

5. In case of possible actual environmental leakage of chemicals in the laboratory or any incident that would endanger public health and safety, guidelines developed by the DOH and DENR as per Republic Act 6969 shall be followed.

D – Post Investigation of dismantled Clandestine Laboratory

a. When a clandestine laboratory is dismantled, investigators should conduct back tracking investigation on the dangerous drugs, controlled precursor and essential chemicals found in the laboratory:

1. Collect all documents for paper trail examination and indicators that might lead to identification of those involved, the origin of the chemicals, and how it was obtained and brought to the country (diversion or smuggling through the port or coastal areas).

2. Examine controlled chemical containers for labels and markings to determine manufacturer and country of source or origin.

3. Conduct post arrest interview on the suspect/s to elicit further useful information such as who obtained the controlled chemical and when, where and how it entered the country.

II. UNPLANNED OPERATIONS

Section 25. In Flagrante Delicto Cases – Are acts committed in violation of RA 9165 subject for warrantless arrest, search, and seizure which is classified in this Manual as unplanned operation with the exception of cases enumerated under planned operation.

a. Other In flagrante delicto cases in violation of RA 9165 are hereby enumerated, among others as follows:

1. Search made incidental to a valid arrest;

2. Search of moving vehicles, vessels and aircrafts;

3. Seizure of dangerous drugs, CPECs etc, which are concealed in smuggled items;

4. When there is a consented search;

5. Seizure of evidence in plain view (evidence which can be seen in plain view without need of search done in Police Check-Points, Routine Police Patrol and Inspections) and

6. Other police operations analogous to the foregoing.

b. The following procedures shall be observed by the PNP member or anti-illegal drug units, in the enforcement of warrantless arrest under Section 5, Rule 113 and Section 13, Rule 126 of the Rules of Court, to wit:

1. The apprehending team shall immediately arrest the person found to be violating in flagrante the provisions of RA 9165.

2. The dangerous drugs, CPECs, paraphernalia and equipment as the case may be, shall be immediately seized and taken into custody of the apprehending team.

3. The seizing officer shall, as far as practicable, conduct the actual physical inventory, take photographs and properly mark the items or articles seized or confiscated in the place of seizure and in the presence of the arrested person/or his counsel or representative and representatives from the Department of Justice, MEDIA and any elected government officials who shall be required to sign on the inventory and given each a copy thereof. However, the apprehending team may conduct the actual physical inventory and the taking of photographs of the items seized in the nearest police station or the office of the apprehending team in the presence of the arrested suspect and the representative required by law provided that they shall justify the reason thereof. (refer to the rule on chain of custody)

4. The seizing officer shall submit the seized or confiscated items to the nearest PNP Crime Laboratory for examination and analysis;

5. The arresting officer shall bring the arrested suspects to their office for proper custody, documentation and proper disposition.

6. The arrested suspect/s shall be presented to the PNP CL for physical, medical examination and drug testing.

7. The assigned Investigator-On-Case shall collate the results of the examinations, prepare the appropriate charges and refer the case to the prosecutor’s office for inquest proceedings. He shall submit the following:

a. Copy of the Spot Report duly received by PDEA

b. Copy of the Receipt of the Inventory of items seized/Confiscated duly verified under oath

c. Photograph of the crime scene

d. Copy of the Receipt of Turn-Over of Evidence

e. Copy of the Receipt of turn-Over of the arrested suspect/s

f. Copy of the request for and results of the Laboratory, Drug Test and Physical/Medical examination on the Drugs and the suspect/s

g. Copy of the Booking Sheet and Arrest Report

h. Photographs of the evidence seized and the suspect/s

i. Copy of the Affidavit of Arrest

j. Copy of the Affidavit of Seizing Officer

k. Affidavit of other witnesses, if any

l. Others that may be submitted later.

8. The Investigator-On-Case shall thereafter submit a report to the Chief of Office.

9. The Investigator-On-Case shall furnish the PDEA with a complete set of the case folder and regularly update the same with the status of the case.

10. The Chief of Office and Investigator-On-Case shall maintain a case monitoring system or record of the case and shall ensure the religious presence of the PNP witnesses during court proceedings/trial to insure the conviction of the accused.

RULE IV – PENAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE SANCTION

Section 26. Criminal Offenses – In addition to criminal liability which may be incurred for violations of existing penal statute, the following person shall be changed under RA 9165:

a. A PNP personnel shall be held commit the following acts:

a. Misappropriation

b. Misapplication

c. Failure to account

for confiscated, seized or surrendered dangerous drugs, plant sources of dangerous drugs, controlled precursors and essential chemicals, instruments/paraphernalia and/or laboratory equipment including the proceeds or properties obtained from the unlawful acts as provided for under RA 9165. (Sec. 27, RA 9165)

b. Any PNP Officer who commits “planting of evidence” involving any dangerous drugs and/or controlled precursor and essential chemical, regardless of quantity and purity. (Sec. 29, RA 9165)

c. Any PNP Officer who is a witness in a drug case, after due notice, who fails or refuses intentionally or negligently, to appear as a witness for the prosecution in any proceeding without any valid reason shall be held criminally liable. (Sec. 91, RA 9165)

d. Any immediate superior of the PNP personnel who is a witness in a drug case shall also be held criminally liable, if despite due notice to them and to the witness concerned, the former does not exert reasonable effort to present the latter to the court. (Sec. 91, RA 9165)

e. Any immediate supervisor who fail to notify the court where the case is pending within twenty-four (24) hours from approval, without a compelling reason, of the order for the transfer or re-assignment to any other unit located in another territorial jurisdiction, of any PNP personnel who stand witness in a drug case. (Sec. 91, RA 9165)

f. Any Police Officer tasked with the prosecution of drug related cases who, through patent laxity, inexcusable neglect, and unreasonable delay deliberately causes the unsuccessful prosecution and/or dismissal of the said drug cases; (Sec. 91 RA 9165)

Section 27. Administrative Offense – In addition to criminal liability that may be incurred, any PNP member found to have been violating paragraphs (a) to (f) of Section 26 hereof, shall be held administratively liable after the conduct of Summary Dismissal Proceedings for Grave Misconduct before the proper PNP Disciplinary Authorities in accordance with NAPOLCOM MC 2007-001 or other issuances amending or modifying the same.

RULE V – MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Section 28. Observance of allied laws, Rules and Regulations

a. In cases involving Child in Conflict with the Law (CICL), The PNP and NAPOLCOM Manual on the Management of cases of children in conflict with the law shall be strictly observed.

b. All PNP member shall strictly observe and adhere to all existing Regulations issued by the Dangerous Drugs Board pursuant to Sec. 32, RA 9165.

RULE VI – FINAL PROVISIONS

Section 29. Repealing Clause – All publications, manuals and directives inconsistent with this manual are hereby amended, repealed, and modified accordingly.

Section 30. Effectivity Clause – This Manual of Anti-Illegal Drug Operations shall take effect upon the approval of the Chief PNP with the concurrence of the NAPOLCOM en banc.

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PNP-AIDSTF Res No 2010-094Tooltip 03/17/2010 Hits: 28

PNP ANTI-ILLEGAL DRUGS SPECIAL OPERATIONS TASK FORCE

Resolution No. 2010-094

Approving the PNP Manual on Anti-Illegal Drugs Operation and Investigation

Adopted: 26 Feb. 2010

Date Filed: 17 March 2010

WHEREAS, Section 14 of Republic Act No. 6975, as amended, provides that the National Police Commission (NAPOLCOM) shall exercise administrative and operational supervision over the Philippine National Police (PNP);

WHEREAS, the PNP submitted for consideration of the Commission the PNP Manual on Anti-Illegal Drugs Operation and Investigation;

WHEREAS, the said Manual shall provide PNP personnel with set of standard rules and procedures necessary in the conduct of anti-illegal drugs operation and investigation to include the different standardized forms for search warrant and buy-bust operations;

WHEREAS, the protocols established in the said manual are products of the collective experience of field commanders, operatives, investigators and prosecutors involved in law-enforcement to effectively address the challenges of the field and the realities at the ground-levels of policing;

NOW THEREFORE, the Commission, pursuant to its constitutional mandate to administer and control the PNP, HAS RESOLVED TO APPROVE, AS IT HEREBY APPROVES, the PNP Manual on Anti-Illegal Drugs Operation and Investigation. The attached copy of the subject Manual shall form part of this Resolution.

RESOLVED FURTHER, that the PNP shall coordinate with the Philippine Public Safety College (PPSC) and Philippine National Police Academy (PNPA) for the subsequent inclusion of a module on the procedures for the conduct of anti-illegal drug operations and investigations in its Program of Instructions.

RESOLVED FURTHERMORE, that the PNP-AIDSOTF, through the Chief, PNP, shall submit monthly accomplishment report to this Commission for monitoring purposes.

RESOLVED EVEN FURTHERMORE, that members of the PNP who shall violate any of the rules and regulations embodied in the said manual shall be dealt with accordingly.

RESOLVED FINALLY, that should any provision of the PNP manual be subsequently declared unconstitutional, the other provisions not so declared shall remain in full force and effect.

(Sgd.) Ronaldo V. Puno

Chairperson


(Sgd.) Eduardo U. Escueta

Commissioner

Vice Chairman and Executive Officer

(Sgd.) Luis Mario M. General

Commissioner


(Sgd.) Luisito T. Palmera

Commissioner


(Sgd.) Jesus A. Verzosa

Commissioner


Attested by:


(Sgd.) Adelmalyn A. Munieza

Chief, Secretariat

 

 




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